Darbuka is a percussion instrument which is skin sounding and goblet shaped and its body is made either from metal or ceramic. Metallic Darbuka is made up of aluminum, copper, cast iron and etc. and it generally has got an artificial skin and for the earthen Darbuka mostly natural skin is used. Darbuka is originally from the Middle East countries but some differences are noticeable among the Arabic, Turkish and Iranian musical culture. This instrument is called the “Tabla” or “Darbuke” that plays an important role. It is an integral part of Arab festive music usually associated with dance. In Turkish music this instrument is very important and is known as Darbuka and Doumbek. Turkish playing techniques has got its especial specifications from which the complex technique of fingers is mentionable that has made this instrument among the most complete contemporary percussions. In Iranian culture, Darbuka is generally known as the Tempo and is a popular instrument which is seen in different musical styles. This instrument is used in Iranian traditional, composed and pop music as well as having an important role in native South Iranian music in which it is played independently and in combination with other percussions like the “Zarb” (orchestral drum). Moreover, Darbuka is a multicultural instrument which recently is used in Africa, India and even in modern western music. Among the outstanding players of this instrument, Ustad Hamdi Akatay is noticeable.
The history of Darbuka:
Darbuka training course:
In general, Darbuka is being performed in two playing styles including the Arabic style and the Turkish style. Darbuka training class begins with how to hold the instrument and playing some basic moves. In the beginning of the course the instruction will be based on the Arabic style and after getting proficient in simple, compound and the Arabic complex rhythms, the Egyptian, Moroccan and Syrian figures and etc., the training will be continued using the Turkish style. The Turkish training style will proceed using Professor Hamdi Akatay’s book on Darbuka instruction and Roozbeh Zarei’s pamphlets which include technical topics of split finger, rhythmic rounds and finger rolls. The completion training course includes acquaintance with poly rhythms and local south Iranian rhythms, playing in fusion, modern, pop and jazz styles with the approach of duets and solos.