The history of large circles:


Form drums or the so- called framed percussions are of the skin sounded family which often have a simple appearance and are of the ancient instruments. From this category, Iranian- Azeri Dayereh instruments, Turkish Bandir, Tar from the northern Africa, Bodhran from Ireland and the innovational Pendariq instrument can be mentioned. From the most famous players of the Dayereh, the late Ustad Mahmud Farnam worth to be commemorated and from the present veterans, Dr. Keyvan Pahlavan should be named.

Large Frame drums training course:

In this training course, three main frame drums which are mostly played today are taught including the Bandir, Pandariq, and the Tar instruments. This percussion family instruments are played in three modes which will be taught orderly. The first playing mode is “top style” in which the player holds the instrument in the air with two hands like the Circle and the Def and the specific rhythms and techniques will be taught. The second playing mode is the “lap style” in which the player puts the instrument on his leg like the Tombak and Darbuka and a wide range of techniques are included. The third playing mode is called the “free hand” in which the two hands of the player are free and the instrument is placed on the pedestal or between the legs. In general the drum playing forms, regardless of the variations in the appearance, has got a wide rhythmic range and all the issues are a mixture of rhythmic cultures of different areas such as west Iran, Arab countries, Turkey, India, southern Italy, Latin America and etc. Because of the multinational nature of these instruments, they can be played in many musical styles such as authority, traditional, fusion, pop, jazz and possess. For the educational content,  master Glen Vels method for the frame drums and Hakim Ludin for the Pendariq and Roozbeh Zarei  pamphlet will be used.