The history of timbales:

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Timbales or pailas are shallow single-headed drums with metal casing. They are shallower than single-headed tom-toms, and usually tuned much higher. The player (called a timbalero) uses a variety of stick strokes, rim shots, and rolls to produce a wide range of percussive expression during solos and at transitional sections of music, and usually plays the shells of the drum or auxiliary percussion such as a cowbell or cymbal to keep time in other parts of the song.

The shells are referred to as cáscara (the Spanish word for shell), which is also the name of a rhythmic pattern common in salsa music that is played on the shells of the timbales. The shells are usually made of metal, but some manufacturers offer shells of maple and other woods. The heads are light, and tuned fairly high for their size.

Timbales Training course:

This musical instrument training will begin by a survey on its history and its body and after learning the basic strokes, the training course will continue by learning the African rhythms , Afro Cuban , Afro Brazilian and also Afro Iranian rhythms. As for the teaching sources (master study of snare drum )and All (a masters approach to timbales by changuito) and also Roozbeh Zarei’s pamphlets with the following chapters can be used; Musical theory and sight reading, an introduction to simple, complicated and complex rhythms, accent playing, Paradiddle and Rudiment exercises, ghost notes, learning signal sentences and Latin African claves and solo improvisation. During the advanced course, playing in pop, afro traditional, Latin,fusion, modern styles along by the related percussion instruments will be taught which will come to an end by group playing exercises.